Nicotine – effects on health and nicotine addiction
Nicotine, which is widely available in cigarettes, has an adverse effect on health. It acts on the body like psychoactive substances – it causes increased dopamine production, it can have a stimulating or calming effect on the whole body. He’s addictive, which is why it’s so hard to quit smoking.
Nicotine is harmful to the body, and is considered a legal drug by many people.
Nicotine – occurrence
addiction treatment in Cape Town: Nicotine is found mainly in cigarettes, because it is found in tobacco that is used to make them.
Pure nicotine or nicotine contained in tobacco taken in high doses can lead to death because it is a neurotoxin. It acts on the nervous system and can paralyze the muscles, which can lead to cessation of the work of the heart or lungs.
Nicotine content in cigarettes
Nicotine accounts for about 2% of the weight of pure tobacco leaves, and one cigarette contains between 6 and 11 mg of this substance. During smoking, not all nicotine penetrates the body, when burning it is up to 3 mg.
High nicotine concentration stays in the body for quite a short time, for 10-20 minutes, and then gradually begins to decline. Within two hours after burning one cigarette, nicotine is completely excreted from the body. After this time, smokers often feel the need to go out again, because their body demands another dose of nicotine.
Nicotine in the body
Do you happen when nicotine is in the body?
In small doses, nicotine:
- stimulates the nervous system,
- stimulates the digestive system,
- reduces fatigue,
- improves concentration,
- stimulates the brain to work,
- improves memory,
- stimulates the secretion of dopamine in the body.
Dopamine, which is secreted after taking small amounts of nicotine, causes:
- feeling better
- we have more energy
- we feel pleasure
- stress levels are lowered.
Dopamine ejection after taking nicotine is short, however, and the body quickly becomes addicted to this feeling and requires further doses.
Nicotine in high doses causes relaxation, calms down, reduces stress and nervous tension, can help control nerves.
There is a reason why smokers so often reach for nicotine when they feel nervous and stressed. Nicotine calms them down and makes them feel more relaxed. However, this is a short-lived feeling that disappears quickly.
Effects of taking nicotine
As you probably know, smoking is not good for health, although in the past they were even recommended for various health problems.
Cigarette smoking is the most popular form of nicotine addiction, which affects the body very badly. Cigarettes do not consist of tobacco alone, a number of substances are used in their production that have carcinogenic effects, such as tar, phenols, hydrogen cyanide, which are dangerous to both smokers and people who inhale cigarette smoke (passive smokers) .
The effects of smoking are:
- higher incidence of tuberculosis and other lung diseases,
- tumors of the lungs, larynx, throat, esophagus,
- heart diseases,
- stomach and duodenal ulcers.
Smokers age faster, and their skin and teeth are yellowed as a result of contact with cigarette smoke.
Nicotine is addictive very quickly, just a few cigarettes are enough for the body to get used to a short-term release of dopamine, the happiness hormone.
Added to this is the social significance of cigarette smoking. Many people who stay or work together go out on a pipe. While smoking, they talk in a relaxed atmosphere and relax. During such exits it is easy to burn more cigarettes than during lonely smoking, which promotes more addiction. Many people also start smoking “for company” because they do not want to be the only person in the group who does not go out to smoke with others. It is the social dimension of cigarettes that makes it hard to break with them.
How to quit smoking?
Smoking cessation depends primarily on the strong will of the smoker. Many people, when they feel like smoking, drink tea or coffee, choose a sweet snack or take their hands with something else that gives them pleasure.
There are numerous agents available in pharmacies that contain small amounts of nicotine. Slices for sticking to the skin, tablets, lozenges, chewing gums are available – they allow you to satisfy your hunger for nicotine, and the dose is gradually reduced, which allows you to give up the addiction slowly but effectively.
Many people are also switching to e-cigarettes, where liquids with different nicotine content can be bought. Gradually, therefore, as in the case of pharmacy, you can completely give up smoking.